Antioxidants have been used widely by skincare manufacturers as a buzzword. But do we, as consumers know what antioxidants are and what benefits they have for your skin?
Antioxidants are naturally occurring substances that help to protect the skin from environmental damage caused by the sun’s UV rays, free radicals and pollution. However not all antioxidants are alike – some are more potent than the others. Here are the top 5 antioxidants that you should look out for:
Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A. Using retinol- containing products helps to accelerate skin renewal as well as to enhance collagen production, hence increasing the resilience of the skin barrier. It is also well known for reducing the appearance of aging, uneven texture and age spots. Retinol also has the added benefit of unclogging congested pores, hence giving rise to clearer, and firmer skin.
Vitamin C, which is also known as ascorbic acid, is a firm favourite in imparting radiance to uneven skin tone and brightening dull skin. Being water- soluble, it can improve the skin’s resiliency so that it’s firmer and smoother, as well as to calm and hydrate the skin. For a vitamin C serum to be effective, it must be formulated with pure l-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) at an acidic pH within the 2.0-3.5 pH range and have a concentration between 10-20%.
Vitamin E (also known as tocopherol or tocotrienols) is one of the most well-known antioxidants.
Being oil- soluble, vitamin E has moisturizing and healing benefits, and is often found in sunscreens because of its role in strengthening the skin barrier against environmental damage.
Vitamin E also works synergistically with vitamin C, so choosing a skincare product containing both vitamin C and vitamin E can be particularly beneficial.
For example, combining antioxidants such as Vitamin C, E and Ferulic Acid in Radium’s Self Defence Vitamin C, B, E & Ferulic Acid can help to boost our skin’s defence against the oxidative stresses of the environment.
Resveratrol is a chemical compound found mostly in the skins of red grapes and in red wine. It is an antimicrobial substance produced by plants to fortify themselves from environmental damage. Applied topically, resveratrol helps to protect the skin’s surface, and also has significant skin-calming properties that may help minimize the look of redness.
Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is very effective in improving the skin’s texture and tone. It reduces fine lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation. Because it possesses anti-inflammatory properties, it is useful in treating acne and rosacea. It can also be combined with other skincare ingredients like vitamins A and C, retinol and hydroxy acids to boost their performance.
So as you can see, it definitely pays to have antioxidants in your skincare arsenal. Antioxidants have powerful anti- aging benefits, and with daily use, the regular application of antioxidants can potentially slow down the ravages of time on our skin.